2015 CPR Guidelines

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G2015 –
The new CPR guidelines and treatment recommendations were announced on 10/15/15.  These guidelines are formulated by ILCOR (International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation) and will be published for use in the United States by the American Heart Association.

The 2015 CPR Guidelines are created by finding a balance between the best scientific recommendations, and the actions that are easiest for the emergency responder to remember and perform correctly. Although specific treatment recommendations are not yet known, we do know that the focus will remain on early response to cardiac arrest, the quality of the CPR delivered, and the use of an AED.

The new CPR guidelines give EMS Safety, the American Heart Association, the American Red Cross, ECSI and the National Safety Council an opportunity to create all new CPR training materials using G2015 treatment recommendations.

[/span7][span5]G2015 Instructor Kit_2

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Summary of G2015 Changes

The 2015 Guidelines were released in October, 2015. Although most techniques stayed the same, there are some substancial changes, especially in First Aid. Here is a summary for you.

Also, bookmark this page for more information on new instructor kits, supplemental pages, EMS Safety Instructor updates, and revised EMS Safety Instructor Kits.

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Use of Cell Phones to Activate EMS:

The BLS algorithm has been changed to include the use of a mobile phone to activate EMS without leaving the victim’s side.

Rescue Breaths, Yes:

Rescue breaths are recommended for trained rescuers; maintain the current ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths.

A Continued Emphasis on High Quality Compressions:

Do not lean on the chest between compressions, minimize interruptions to compressions and avoid excessive ventilation.

Compression Rates:

The recommended rate is 100 to 120 compressions per minute (as opposed to ‘at least’ 100 compressions).

Compression Depth:

We may be going too deep. The recommended compression depth is at least 2 inches (5 cm) but not greater than 2.4 inches (6 cm)

Naloxone:

the use of Naloxone by trained bystanders to treat suspected opioid overdose may be considered.

Use of Social Media:

It’s reasonable for communities to use social media to summon rescuers who are nearby and are willing and able to bring an AED to the scene and/or provide CPR. 

CPR Feedback Devices:

Use of feedback devices can improve CPR performance during training.
[/accordion] [accordion title=”BLS for Healthcare Providers” visible=””]

New Chain of Survival for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (IHCA):

A different chain of survival will be used to prevent and improve outcomes of IHCA. The IHCA Chain of Survival is: Surveillance and protection, recognition and activation of the emergency response system, immediate high-quality CPR, rapid defibrillation, and advanced support and post arrest care.

Team Resuscitation:

Provides a customizable approach for activation of the EMS and cardiac arrest management to better match the rescuers’ clinical setting. Instead of focusing on a single-rescuer algorithm, team resuscitation teaches how to modify the BLS sequence based on the type of arrest, its location and who is nearby.

Rescue Breaths with an Advanced Airway in Place:

There is only one rate once an advanced airway is in place. One breath every six seconds for all ages. Compressions and breaths are performed asynchronously after the placement of an advanced airway.

ITD and Active Compression-Decompression Devices:

ITD alone is not recommended. When combined with an active compression-decompression device, however, survival rates are improved. CPR with IDT and active compression-decompression can be considered where available.

Out-of-Hospital Cooling:

Is not recommended at this time.

Cardiac Arrest and Pregnancy:

Updated recommendations on the relief of aortocaval compression during cardiac arrest in pregnancy include:

  • Manual left uterine displacement if the fundus height is at or above the level of the umbilicus
  • Eliminating use of a lateral tilt (tilting the patient or use of a foam wedge
[/accordion] [accordion title=”Pediatric CPR (child and infant)” visible=””]
Use of Cell Phones to Activate EMS:

The BLS algorithm has been changed to include the use of a mobile phone to activate EMS without leaving the victim’s side.

Compression Rates

The recommended rate is 100 to 120 compressions per minute (as opposed to ‘at least’ 100 compressions).

Compression Depth:

For adolescents, a maximum compression depth not greater than 2.4 inches (6 cm) is recommended.

[/accordion] [accordion title=”First Aid” visible=””]
Low Blood Sugar Emergencies:

Glucose tablets are preferred to other forms of sugar for diabetics with mild symptoms of hypoglycemia.

Treatment of Open Chest Wounds:

The use of an occlusive dressing is no longer recommended.

Concussion:

A healthcare provider should evaluate any person with a head injury that resulted in a change to the victim’s level of consciousness or other signs and symptoms of a head injury or concussion.

Avulsed Tooth:

If immediate reimplantation is not possible, certain solutions are suggested to prolong the tooth’s viability: Hanks Balanced Salt Solution, propolis, egg white, coconut water, Ricetral or whole milk.

Recovery Position:

The recommended recovery position is a lateral side-lying position.

Use of Aspirin for Chest Pain

Aspirin is still recommended for a person suspected of having a heart attack as long as the patient has no allergy other contraindications. Either coated or non-coated aspirin is allowed as long as the aspirin is chewed and swallowed. There is no change to recommended dose of 1 adult or 2 baby aspirin.

Repeat Doses for Anaphylaxis:

When a person does not respond to an initial dose of epinephrine and EMS is not expected to arrive within 5 to 10 minutes, consider a repeat dose.

Hemostatic Dressings

May be considered when standard bleeding control measures are not working to treat severe external bleeding.

Application of Cervical Collars by First Aid Responders:

Is not recommended. A first aid provider should have the person remain as still as possible while awaiting EMS.
[/accordion] [/accordions] [/span9] [/row] [row] [span4] [button text=”Printable – G2015 Summary of Changes
from EMS Safety” link=”/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/EMS-Safety_Summary-of-Guidelines_G2015_Printable_10-22-15.pdf” style=”info” size=”normal” target=”_blank” display=”block” icon=”book”] [/span4] [span4] [button text=”G2015 Highlights from
American Heart Association” link=”http://eccguidelines.heart.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/2015-AHA-Guidelines-Highlights-English.pdf” style=”info” size=”normal” target=”_blank” display=”block” icon=”info-sign”] [/span4] [span4] [button text=”Questions?
Email Us” link=”mailto:info@emssafety.com?subject=G2015 Question” style=”info” size=”normal” target=”_self” display=”block” icon=”pencil”] [/span4] [/row]

 

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EMS Safety G2015 Timeline:

[chp_pricing_table columns=”5″ labelled=”no”] [chp_pricing_column title=”October, 2015″ price=”Guidelines Announced ” currency_symbol=”” interval=””] [chp_pricing_row odd=”true”] Summary of changes available [/chp_pricing_row] [/chp_pricing_column] [chp_pricing_column title=”December, 2015″ price=”Instructor Updates” currency_symbol=”” interval=””] [chp_pricing_row odd=”true”] G2015 Instructor Update webinars begin. Instructors can start teaching 2015 Guidelines after receiving the Instructor Update using optional supplements. [/chp_pricing_row] [/chp_pricing_column] [chp_pricing_column title=”Summer, 2016″ price=”” currency_symbol=”G2015 CORE Instructor Kits Available” interval=””] [chp_pricing_row odd=”true”] Updated CORE Instructor Manuals, Videos, and Student Workbooks are released[/chp_pricing_row] [/chp_pricing_column] [chp_pricing_column title=”December, 2016″ price=”Ancillary Programs” currency_symbol=”” interval=””] [chp_pricing_row odd=”true”] BLS for Healthcare Providers and Childcare Instructor Kits released [/chp_pricing_row] [/chp_pricing_column] [chp_pricing_column title=”12/31/2016″ price=”Mandatory Transition” currency_symbol=”” interval=””] [chp_pricing_row odd=”true”] All Instructors must have purchased G2015 INstructor Kits and received the Instructor Update [/chp_pricing_row] [/chp_pricing_column] [/chp_pricing_table] [hr]

With the new CPR guidelines, all Instructors will be required to acquire new curriculum materials and go through an update process.  EMS Safety will be holding webinars that will take approximately 1 hour to complete.  Click here to sign up for a live webinar.

Cost for G2015 Update Kits:

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Send us your suggestions!

Most of our improvements come from the suggestions of our Instructors. If you have requests for certain optional topics, ideas for scenarios, or specific suggestions, email them to suggestions@emssafety.com. We are excited to provide you with compelling, simple, and professional training resources that will make your emergency care training classes smooth and effective.

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Frequently Asked Questions

[row] [span1] [/span1] [span9] [accordions] [accordion title=”When can I start teaching the 2015 Guidelines?” visible=””] Instructor updates and supplemental materials will be available in December 2015. Once you receive the Instructor Update, you can start using the supplements to teach 2015 guidelines until the updated kits are available. [/accordion] [accordion title=”When do I have to start teaching the 2015 Guidelines?” visible=””] All instructors will need to transition to the new guidelines (received the update, purchased the G2015 Instructor Kit) by 12/31/16. [/accordion] [accordion title=” Are the G2015 Instructor Kits Available now?” visible=””]EMS Safety is pre-selling the kits at discounted prices. Pre-sales of the Instructor Kit will cost less to purchase than after the Instructor Kit is released. The G2015 Instructor Kits will be released in Summer, 2016.[/accordion] [accordion title=” How will I be updated to teach the 2015 Guidelines?” visible=””] Instructors will participate in an Instructor Update Webinar. Update webinars will begin in December of 2015. After attending an Instructor Update Webinar and answering a few simple questions about the update, Instructors will be allowed to use the optional supplemental materials to teach the 2015 guidelines in December.[/accordion] [accordion title=” Why do guidelines change every 5 years?” visible=””] The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation and International First Aid Science Advisory Board release new guidelines every 5 years based on the latest resuscitation and first aid science. New guidelines will increase the survival of Sudden Cardiac Arrest and reduce morbidity and mortality associated with medical and traumatic emergencies.[/accordion] [accordion title=” How long will my 2010 materials be valid?” visible=””] Instructors may continue to teach the 2010 Guidelines until 12/31/16.[/accordion] [accordion title=” Am I required to update? ” visible=””] Yes. All Instructors will need to receive the Instructor Update and obtain 2015 Instructor Kits by the mandatory transition date of 12/31/16. [/accordion] [accordion title=” What is in the G2015 Instructor Kit? ” visible=””] Each Instructor Kit includes the Instructor Manual(s), course videos and sample student workbooks.[/accordion] [accordion title=” Will there be supplements to teach the 2015 Guidelines? ” visible=””] Yes, supplements will be available in December. Instructors will be able to teach the 2015 Guidelines after attending the Instructor Update Webinar and answering a few simple questions about the update. [/accordion] [accordion title=” When will the new Instructor Kits, videos and student workbooks be available? ” visible=””] The core programs will release in late Summer, 2016. The Pro Rescuer and Childcare courses will be available in December, 2016. [/accordion] [accordion title=” What do I do with my 2010 Instructor and student materials? ” visible=””] Keep using them. 2010 materials will be valid until 12/31/16.[/accordion] [accordion title=” I have a class coming up. What should I do?” visible=””] Teach it with your existing 2010 resources. The release of new guidelines does not mean prior guidelines are no longer effective. 2010 resources are valid until 12/31/16.[/accordion] [/accordions] [/span9] [/row]

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G2015 Abbreviation Key

If you like to go straight to the source to review the new CPR Guidelines, use this Abbreviation Key to help you.
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